How to write introductions quickly for IELTS Task 2 essay

You only have 40 minutes to plan and write a fully developed 250-word essay. The “meat” (most important/substantial part) of your essay is in your main body paragraphs, so you don’t want to spend too much time thinking of a creative way to introduce your topic and opinion. Remember,  you want to get straight to the issue and be as clear as possible. Here is your strategy in writing a good introduction to any Task 2 question:

  1. Read the question very carefully – a few times if you have to, to make sure you completely understand the question.
  2. Underline key words that you will use and paraphrase in your introduction.  See How to Analyze the Essay Questions.
  3. Highlight the specific question(s) you must answer.
  4. Think of your answer (personal opinion) to the question.
  5. Now write your introduction:
  • 1st sentence: Write about the general topic – paraphrase the sentence that introduces the question of the Task. You should write 1 – 2 sentences only.
  • Next sentence: Answer the question(s) asked in the Task. Try to write it in 1 sentence. This is your opinion and heart of your essay. A great way to write this is to follow this format:
  • “Although [insert claim made in task question]…, I think …”
  • “While [insert claim made in task question] …, I believe/ agree/ disagree/ feel … “

Here are some examples:

Some people feel that competitive sports, both team and individual, have no place in the school curriculum. How far do you agree or disagree?

My introduction:

Competitive sports, such as basketball, soccer and track have become a regular part of daily life for school children. While some people feel that it should not be included in the school curriculum, I strongly feel that competitive team and individual sports should definitely be a part of the school curriculum.


  1. First sentence introduced competitive sports in school – I referred to team (basketball, soccer)  & individual (track) sports
  2. I used the “While…, I think…” construction. I clearly state my position and answer the question ” How far do you agree or disagree?”


The number of elderly people in the world is increasing. What do you think are the positive and negative effects of this trend?

My introduction: (Note, I actually read a news article about our population a few weeks before writing this! So, bonus lesson learned here – keep reading!)

This year we are going to reach a total global population of 7 billion people. In about 14 years the population will increase to 8 billion. This growth, especially of elderly people, is becoming more of a concern as there will undoubtedly not only be positive effects but negative effects as well.


  1. I wrote 2 sentences to introduce the topic of growing population.
  2. I specified elderly people and referred to both positive and negative effects, which is answering the question. It is only a discussion question of examining both sides.

Now you try:

In some countries, governments are encouraging industries and businesses to move to regional areas outside the big cities.
Do the advantages of this trend outweigh the disadvantages?
  •  Write your 1st sentence about the topic.
  • Your second sentence answering the question.


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  5. Nowadays, many companies now are expanding their field in different areas to widen their horizons. In this essay i will outline the advantage and disadvantage of industries and business if the companies heeds what the governments said.

    correct me if im wrong.. thank you..

    • Hi Luisa,

      Good try and thanks for asking, but there are 2 things you need to improve:
      – The first sentence does not really paraphrase what the task is asking. The task states: “governments are encouraging industries and businesses to move to regional areas outside the big cities.” This means to physically relocate or expand geographically. Your first sentence is OK, but could easily be misunderstood to mean expanding business in terms of products/services/expertise. You need to make it clearer that they are expanding/relocating to outside cities or expanding to regional areas, or something like that.
      – The second sentence doesn’t answer the question! It asks “Do the advantages of this trend outweigh the disadvantages?”. You need to clearly answer either yes, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages, or no, the advantages don’t outweigh the disadvantages. Then you must write a paragraph explaining the advantages and another separate paragraph explaining the disadvantages. You need to be clear which is stronger – the advantages or the disadvantages.

      An example sentence would be: The advantages of businesses relocating outside of urban centers greatly outweigh the disadvantages.

      Hope that helps. Good luck with your studies!

      • hi pearl,
        I deeply appreciated your feedback regarding this matter. I will bear It in My mind. Anyway, If you don’t mind, I tried to my second essay. I will be thankful to you if you can spare some of your time in checking this one. Thank you, may godbless us all..

        These days, many children have difficulty paying attention and concentrating in their class at school.
        What are the reasons for this? How can it dealt with?

        Nowadays, School aged Children’s are suffering from poor performance from their School due to poor attention to their class. In this essay, will examine what are the causes behind this and will suggest some possible ways on how to deal with this kind of situation.

        One of the reasons for this is that, School aged Children’s are poor eaters. We all know that foods are essential for us to perform our activities of daily living. For instance, one children went to his school without taking his meal. In the midst of the class, this student might feel hunger, thus, he couldn’t concentrate his attention in the class because He’s now thinking for some food that would satisfy his hungriness. In order to prevent this situation, parents should be advised to prepare nutritious meal for their child before going to school. In doing so, students will have enough energy to participate in their class efficiently and effectively.

        Second reason for this is that, some teachers are boring. they teach their student in a usual way. To illustrate this, when teachers are keep on talking and talking, children’s might easily irritated and might lose their attention on what teachers have been said because they found it uninteresting and perhaps, they couldn’t understand their lectures. However, if teachers are creative enough like, using of attractive and colorful learning materials they would caught the attention of their students. Subsequently, these students can find the lectures more interesting. As result, they will focus more on their class.

        In conclusion, there are many reasons why children’s nowadays cannot focus on their class, but if teachers and parents will be responsible enough these school aged children’s will find studying a more enjoyable one.

      • Hi Pearl
        please, kindly correct my introduction on the same topic:
        In some countries, governments are encouraging industries and businesses to move to regional areas outside the big cities.
        Do the advantages of this trend outweigh the disadvantages?

        In a pie chart showing what factors cause air pollution, industries alone contributed for about 52%. For this cause, government encourage industries and businesses to move to regional areas.This will undoubtedly have advantages as well disadvantages.

  6. Nowadays, big cities are so overcrowded in some countries that the governments support industried and business to relocate in some areas which are out of cities.
    From this point of view, i believe relocation has more benifits than drawbacks

  7. In some nations, government are making suggestions to companies to consider moving their offices from major cities to regional locations. While companies will surely face several disadvantages, I think they will gain more positives from the move.

  8. Because of unstoppable rising of industries and businesses in most cities in the world, the government urge them to move in rural areas. This essay will examine both the advantages and disadvantages of the issue.

    PLease check my answer. I will appreciate you help . Thanks.

  9. In order to cope with the fast growing society, companies, especially those in industry or business fields are encouraged by government to move to regional area away from cities. In my believe, admittedly, this trend benefits us in many aspects which I shall discuss in the following essay.

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