Here is the simple 4 paragraph structure:
- Introduction. This will be a short paragraph of only 2 – 3 sentences. It should clearly introduce the topic and claim made in the Task question. And it should clearly state your opinion and general answer to the call-to-action part of the Task question. See How to Analyze the Essay Question and How to write introductions quickly for IELTS Task 2.
- First Main Idea. Here you provide your first main reason of support for your opinion. Add supporting details and examples.
- Second Main Idea. Here you provide your second main reason of support for your opinion. Add supporting details and examples.
- Conclusion. Simply restate your opinion.
Let’s look at an example of an Agree/Disagree question:
Some people think that all teenagers should be required to do unpaid work in their free time to help the local community. They believe this would benefit both the individual teenager and society as a whole.
Do you agree or disagree?
Here’s how I would structure my essay:
- Introduction. I paraphrase the first sentence about requiring teenagers to volunteer in the community. I state my opinion that I agree because it benefits both the teenager and the community.
- First main reason why I agree – it benefits the individual teenager. Explain how it benefits them and give examples – opens their eyes to the problems of others, instills discipline and commitment, helps their communication skills as they have to work with others, etc.
- Second main reason why I agree – it benefits society as a whole. Explain how it benefits society and give examples – helps create stronger bonds within communities if teenagers are involved, communities always need helping hands in various projects – clean ups, setting up free events, providing services for elderly, sick or poor, etc.
- Conclusion – restate that I believe that community volunteering is important to both teenagers as individuals and to society as a whole.
I’ll be writing more examples of other question types, so check back!